Refugia Ditinjau Dari Konsep Gulma Pengganggu Dan Upaya Konservasi Musuh Alami

Asyik Nur Allifah AF, Rosmawati Rosmawati, Zamrin Jamdin

Abstract


Weed is a part of OPT (Plant Disturbing Organism) besides plant pests and diseases. Weeds cause damage slowly, due to competition with cultivated plants to obtain nutrients, water, light, CO2 and growing space. Weeds are harmful and disturbing so humans try to control them. From various aspects of life both health, aesthetics, environment and the field of farming, weeds can interfere with natural habitat and beauty. Weeds are always considered as exotic plants or migrants that are invasive and potentially disrupt the local environment. However, not all weeds play a negative and potentially disturbing role. Weeds are also able to provide a comfortable habitat for the development of natural enemies in the agrosecosystem. Refugia is a weed plant area that can provide shelter, food sources or other resources for natural enemies such as predators and parasitoid. Efforts to conserve natural enemies using refugia are one alternative to controlling plant pest organisms such as pests.
Keywords: Refugia, Weeds, Conservation, Natural Enemies

Full Text:

PDF

References


Altieri, M. A. & C.I. Nichols. (2004). Biodiversity and Pest Management in Agroecosystem. 2 Edition. Haworth Press Inc., New York. 236 p

Apriliyanto, E dan Sarno. (2018). Pemantauan Keanekaragaman Hama dan Musuh Alami pada Ekosistem Tepi dan Tengah Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L.). Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera : A Scientific Journal Vol 35, No 2 Mei 2018 : 69 – 74

Brown, K. and K. Brooks. (2002). Bushland Weeds: a Practical Guide to their Management, Environmental Weeds Action Network (WA) Inc. Perth WA. p.102

Heshula, L.U.P., & M.P. Hill. (2011). The Effect of Lantana camara Leaf Quality on the Performance of Falconia intermedia. BioControl 56: 925–933.

Keppel, G., K.P. Van Niel, G.W. Wardell-Johnson, C.J. Yates, M.Byrne, L. Mucina, A.G.T. Schut, S.D. Hopper, dan S.E. Franklin. (2012). “Refugia: Identifying and understanding safe havens for biodiversity under climate change.” Global Ecology and Biogeography 21 (4): 393–404. doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00686.x.

Kurniawati, Nia & Edhi Martono. (2018). Peran Tumbuhan Berbunga sebagai Media Konservasi Arthropoda Musuh Alami. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2015: 53–59

Landis, D.A., S.D. Wratten, dan G.M. Gurr. (2000). “Habitat Management to Conserve Natural Enemies of Arthropod Pests in Agriculture.” Annu. Rev. Entomol. 45: 175–201.

Magagula, C.N. (2011). Distribution and Abundance of Ophymia camarae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Lantana camara (Verbenacae) in Selected Area of SwaziLand. Biocontrol Science and Technology 21:829-837.

Muhibah, T.I. & Leksono, A.S. (2015). Ketertarikan Arthropoda terhadap Blok Refugia (Ageratum conyzoides L., Capsicum frutescens L., dan Tagetes erecta L.) dengan Aplikasi Pupuk Organik Cair dan Biopestisida di Perkebunan Apel Desa Poncokusumo. Jurnal Biotropika. 3(3): 123127.

Nentwig, W. (1998). Weedy plant spesies and their beneficial arthropod: potential for manipulation in field crops, p 49-72. In C.H. Pickett & R.L. Bugg (eds), Enhancing Biological Control. University of Calivornia Press. Los Angeles.

Norris, R.F. & M. Kogan. (2005). Interactions between Weeds,Arthropod Pests, and their Natural Enemies in Managed Ecosystems. Weed Science 48: 94-158.

Prabaningrum, Li. (2015). Empat Prinsip Dasar dalam Penerapan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (PHT). (balitsa.litbang.pertanian.go.id). Diakses 18 Maret 2019

Pujiastuti Y, H.W.S. Weni, and Abu U. (2015). “Peran Tanaman Refugia terhadap Kelimpahan Serangga Herbivora pada Tanaman Padi Pasang Surut”.Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal (8-9 Oktober 2015).

Purwantiningsih B, Amin S.L, Bagyo Y. 2012. “Kajian Komposisi Serangga Polinator pada Tumbuhan Penutup Tanah di Poncokusumo Malang”. Jurnal Hayati : 17 (165-172).

Sinar Tani. (2016). “Refugia bukan sekedar penghias sawah”. Sinar Tani Edisi 12-18 Oktober 2016. No. 3674. Tahun XLVII.

Singh, S. (2005). Effect of establishment methods and weed management practices on weeds and rice in ricewheat cropping system. Indian J. Weed Sci. 37 (2): 524 -527.

Susilo, F.X. (2007). Pengendalian Hayati dengan Memberdayakan Musuh Alami Hama Tanaman. Graha Ilmu. Yogyakarta

Wahyuni R, Wijayanti R, Supriyadi. (2013). “Peningkatan keragaman tumbuhan berbunga sebagai daya tarik predator hama padi”. Journal of Agronomy Research2(5): 40-46.

Widaryanto, E. (2010). Teknologi Pengandalian Gulma. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Widiastuti. (2000). Uji Preferensi Serangga Coccinellidae pada Tanaman Famili Asteraceae. FMIPA.Universitas Brawijaya. Malang

Wratten, S, l. Berndt, J. Tylianakis, P. Ernando & R. Didham. (2004). Adding flora diversity to enhance parasitoid fitness and efficacy. http://www.bugwood.org/arthropod [10 November 2004].

Yanuwiadi. (2003). Pemanfaatan Serangga Berguna dalam Sistem Pertanian melalui Manipulasi Habitat. Balittas Malang. Hal 21-23

Zhon, Z, J.Y. Guo, X.W. Zheng, M. Luo, H.S. Chen & F.W. Han. (2011). Reevaluation in the Biosecurity of Ophraella communa against Sunflower Helianthus anuus. Biocontrol Science and Technology 21: 1147-1160




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33477/bs.v8i1.849

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.